||Men's everyday clothes
are composed of Chogori and Paji. In autumn, they wore the Chogori
and Paji made of two layers of silk, and in summer, one-layer
clothes made of the ramie fabric. In the winter season, people put
some cotton between two layers of silk to keep their bodies warm.
When they went out or had to behave with decorum, they wore the coat
clothes consist of Chogori and Chima. They wore two-layered silk
Chogori in spring and autumn, one-layer ramie Chogory in summer, and
quilted or cotton Chogori in winter. There are two kinds of Chima;
one is a long skirt of which the back is open, and the other is a
short skirt called Tong-chima. They wore a vest to protect against
the cold. When they went out , they also wore a coat.
||Male children wore
Chogori and Paji and female children wore Chogori and Chima. When a
baby was born it was dressed in the clothes made of soft cotton
fabric. Until babies were four years old, they were dressed in
Chogori and Paji, irrespective of sex.
Male children around 5-6years old wore the various colored coat and
older children wore the light green or light purple coat. Female
children around 5-6years old wore the colorful Chogori and red
Chogori, Paji, and a coat called Doo-roo-ma-ki. Upon Doo-roo-ma-ki,
they wore the ceremonial clothes called Dan-ryung, and put on a hat
called Sa-mo. They wore the shoes called Mok-hwa. Brides wore the
yellow Chogori and red Chima, and they put the ceremonial flower
crown on the head and decorated their clothes with pendant trinkets.
||There were many kinds of
mourning clothes according to the regions, social classes, or
property, but the most parts of the complicated traditional mourning
clothes have been simplified.
The family of the dead wore themselves in the mourning clothes ,
which were made of coarse hand-woven hemp, after they washed out and
dressed the corpse.
for the dead
||The dead was dressed in
the clothes made of the natural fabric like hemp, cotton, or silk.
Those clothes were made a little bigger than the size of the dead
man's everyday clothes.
There were no knots in the dead's clothes, praying for the dead
man's soul might go to the heaven without any obstacles.
||People wore a black coat
and a black hat for the sacrificial rituals, which are held for
worshiping the ancestors.
There were no particular clothes for women because they didn't
really take part in the rituals, so women could wear any white or
black clothes for the rituals.
||Male babies wore
Chogori, Paji, and Doo-rooo-ma-ki made of the colorful cloth, put on
the hat called Bok-gon. Female babies wore colorful Chogori and red
Chima. Girls' hair was bound with a pigtail ribbon, and a little
purse and pendants are hung on the their Chima for the decorations.
People gave babies the small bags on which the animals of longevity
are drawn, praying for the babies' longevity and health.
for the king
||The King had various
kinds of clothes like Jei-bok, Jo-bok, Sang-bok, Wung-bok, and
Pyung-bok according to the various occasions.
Jei-bok was the symbolic clothes of the king and used in the
occasion of sacrificial ceremonies and wedding ceremonies.
Cho-bok is the clothes for the morning meetings with the government
officers. Sang-bok is king's everyday clothes, which are embroidered
with the gold threads.
for the queen
||The queen had two kinds
of clothes; One was the ceremonial clothes and the other was
everyday clothes. Chuk-ui, one of queen's ceremonial clothes, is the
most gorgeous and colorful clothes and the symbol of the queen. The
queen wore Chuk-ui for the important state ceremonies. The common
people could wear Chuk-ui once in a life time-only for their wedding
Dang-ui is the simplified ceremonial clothes. They were made of
green or purple color for the winter season, and white for the